Civil Buildings in Burgos
Religious Buildings in Burgos
The Castle of Burgos is a fortified and defensive architectural enclave located at the top of the Castle hill, at about 75 meters high. Its initial construction dates from the ninth century, making it one of the oldest monuments in the city. Its first tower dates from the year 884, and it was built by Count Diego Porcelos to protect Burgos from attacks by Muslim hosts during the reconquest.
It is a spectacular architectural bastion of enormous archaeological and patrimonial wealth. A series of doors has been discovered that connected with a variety of passageways and adjacencies of the castle, a parade ground and the homage tower, which is now in ruins.
One of its great attractions is its deep, intact medieval well, 300 meters long, from the 12th and 13th centuries. It is covered with ashlars and has an interesting spiral staircase that wraps around it and descends to a depth of 63 meters.
The great importance of this castle is also idiosyncratic, as the foundation of the defensive enclave is closely linked to the foundation of Burgos and the need to protect the new city.
Since then, the castle has served as a defensive enclave, home to kings John II of Castile and Henry III of Castile and even as a maximum security prison. Some of its most famous prisoners were King García of Galicia and Tomás de Gournay, who was the assassin of Edward II of England. King Alfonso VI of León was also imprisoned here.
The Castle of Burgos is one of the most popular tourist destinations, in part due to its spectacular viewpoint, which offers spectacular views of Burgos and its surroundings and is ideal for taking pictures.