What to see in Granada
The Alhambra is, without a doubt, the most important landmark and symbol of the city of Granada. It is one of the most visited places in Europe and is considered one of the most important artistic, heritage and historical treasures in the world. It is the second most visited monument in Spain, behind only the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona.
The origin of the Alhambra dates back to the Nasrid kingdom during the moment of the greatest splendour of Muslim Spain. It is an impressive architectural complex of enormous dimensions that encompasses a series of royal palaces, gardens of incredible beauty and Arab defensive fortresses called “alcazabas”, which turned it into an authentic citadel designed to house the emir and the court of the Nasrid kingdom. After the reconquest of the city in 1492, the Alhambra in Granada became the official residence of the kings of Castile and their court.
The main characteristic of the Alhambra is its extraordinary artistic wealth. It is full of beautiful finishes and details that can be seen in its architecture, with incredibly careful decoration, considered the highest level achieved by Andalusian art.
Another impressive feature is the Alhambra's strategic geographical location at the top of the Sabika hill, which makes it stand out throughout the city. The extension of the hill made it possible to house the complex, which occupies an area of approximately 740 meters in length, with a variable width of between 40 and 180 meters. At the time, this location provided the Alhambra with a strategic defensive position.
In the ensuing centuries, the Alhambra became home to many places of enormous importance, such as the Art Gallery of the City, the Convent of St. Francis and the impressive Palace of Charles V.
Due to its incredible heritage value and historical importance, the Alhambra, along with the Generalife and the Albaicin Quarter, was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984.