Religious Buildings in Burgos
Civil Buildings in Burgos
The Holy Church Cathedral Metropolitan Basilica of St. Mary is one of Spain's most outstanding architectural treasures. It is a majestic Gothic cathedral and a testament to the greatness of art and religious devotion.
Construction began in the 13th century, and the cathedral underwent major modifications in the 15th and 16th centuries. It is considered a masterpiece of Gothic style, though it includes furniture and decorative elements from other artistic styles, such as the Renaissance and the Baroque. Its imposing and detailed façade, with its tall towers and delicate stained glass windows, takes the breath away.
Every corner of this place – from the intricate details of the doorway to the impressive buttresses supporting the structure – is a work of art. Upon entering the cathedral, visitors are greeted by an equally impressive interior. The main nave rises majestically to the roof, supported by graceful Gothic columns and arches.
Filling the space with heavenly light, the stained glass windows tell biblical stories and evoke a sense of spirituality. The altarpieces and side chapels display masterpieces of painting and sculpture, including pieces by artists such as Diego de Siloé and Felipe Vigarny.
One of the most outstanding treasures is the famous “Papamoscas”, a mechanical automaton located at the top of the main nave. Every hour, he opens his mouth while using his arm to activate the clapper of a bell, then offers a brief performance that enchants all visitors.
The Cathedral of Burgos also houses the tomb of El Cid Campeador and his wife Doña Jimena. This is a masterpiece of medieval funerary sculpture. The monument is an example of the historical and cultural importance of the legendary figure of El Cid in the region.
The Cathedral of Burgos was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in October 1984.