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Montjuic mountain, whose name means "Mount of the Jews" due to the Hebrew cemetery that existed in the Middle Ages, is located at a height of 177 meters above sea level. At its peak, it houses the neighbourhood of the same name.
Among the first Iberian settlers in the 3rd century BC, Montjuic was one of the most important and strategic places in the territory because it offered a direct view of the coast. That is why a fortified and defensive architectural complex was built on its top in 1751 in the form of a superb castle, the work of the famous architect Juan Martín Cermeño.
Montjuic is one of the greatest attractions of the city of Barcelona because some of the best sports facilities in the city are located there. Some of them were used during the 1992 Olympics, such as the Palau Sant Jordi, Lluís Companys Olympic Stadium and the Municipal Pool of Montjuic.
In addition, it is an ideal place for recreational activities with the family or one's partner. It has immense expanses of gardens that include the lavish Historic Botanical Garden, with a magnificent collection of cacti, and the modern Barcelona Botanical Garden, specializing in Mediterranean flora. From its top, Montjuic offers some of the best views in all of Barcelona.
An interesting fact is that Montjuic became world famous among scientists at the beginning of the 19th century because, between 1792 and 1798, the commissioners of the National Constituent Assembly of France measured the length of the meridian arc that crosses France and continues through Montjuic. Their objective was to obtain precise results and establish the metric system.